Algae and Pond Maintenance
Planktonic algae are tiny and almost undetectable plants, typically dangling from the topmost feet of water. I used to swim in the ponds at my grandparents campsite and my mother would have a fit and insist that I take a bath when I got out. I could never understand why, I thought I was super clean. When I was older I went back to the same ponds and understood exactly why my mother made me bathe. The algae in the ponds gave it a vivid green appearance. Large numbers of fish can perish on account of not getting enough oxygen. A few varieties have been discovered to be poisonous to farm animals and animals in the wild.
If you look at the top of the water you will notice green colored masses. This kind of algae normally starts its threadlike, filamentous, development adjacent to the borders or base of the pond and will sooner or later usurp the whole bottom. The filaments are created from cells fastened end to end giving it the illusion of threads. Some of the most widely known types of algae are Pithophora or Filamentous and Spirogyra.
Spirogyra is a threadlike form of algae and can be encountered in virtually all ponds and ditches. Chloroplasts in this algae are spiral structures, hence the origin of the name. It reproduces at a speedy rate and could possibly grow throughout the whole pond, smothering it.
Pithophora is filamentous algae that is a deep shade of green and is typically called cotton ball or horsehair algae. It normally cultivates in unrefined clusters of interwoven filaments looking like little globes of cotton. An over abundant amount of branches are seen in single pieces of filament. Maturation is extremely fast on account of cells reproducing.The next type of algae is Macro Algae and bares resemblance to a plant blossoming with flowers because this algae appears to be grounded when they are really only fastened to the surface area. As with Spirogyra and Pithophora, this too is generates at a fast rate.
The last type of algae this article will touch upon is Chara. It is referred to as musk grass on account of its stagnant garlicky aroma. Chara, being comprised of many cells, is also green and is a lot of times mistaken as underwater plants baring flowers. It is affixed to the bottom but is not grounded. Chara normally exhibits black balls referred to as sporangia that can be seen throughout the regeneration stage.
Most algae infestation can be controlled by applying copper based type product to the area either in a granular form for spot treatment or a liquid form for larger areas. Bacterial products are generally used as a sludge digester, restoring the natural balance to an aquatic environment after harsh chemicals are used for algae removal.
By: Bradley Skierkowski