Clogged Drain Field
Clogged Drain Field
This clogged drain field article was written with the intention of assisting the reader or homeowner in developing an understanding on how septic systems, particularly the clogged drain field work. This article will advise the reader on the possible health effects of wet drain fields and the danger of exposure to coli form bacteria usually found in septic tank systems and clogged drain fields. In addition, this article will help the reader with some general information and advice on procedures that are designed for remediation and treatment of septic tanks and clogged drain field systems.
Septic tank systems and their drain fields are fairly simple and very common systems. There about 27 million homes with septic systems in the United States. The systems are typically gravity fed systems are designed with a 4 inch schedule 40 PVC pipe carrying waste water and human solids from the house to the septic tank and eventually out to the drain field. The septic tank is usually divided into two halves with a partitioned down the middle separating the solids from the effluent. The waste water and solids will start to digest, break down and separating the fats, oil and greases. The digestion process is created by the coli form beneficial bacteria and enzyme produced by the human body. After the digestion process is completed, the effluent will then flow over the center partition passing over the baffle and then traveling out into the drain field where the effluent will then leach or drain into the ground making its way back into the water table. This is a healthy septic system with a well working drain field that should last many years giving the home owner years of problem free service.
Has your septic system failed? Do you have a clogged drain field? There are several things to considering when determining the cause of a failed drain field. Broken septic tank drain pipes are often one of the first things that come to mind. Although crushed or broken drain field lines are rare and very uncommon, it is still something to consider. The age of the system should also a consideration, if the clogged drain field was built prior to 1960, your drain field system may be constructed of terracotta or clay. These systems become brittle and deteriorate over time. Heavy rain or flooding may play a small role in the drain field flooding simulating a clogged drain field.
The most common cause of a clogged septic tank drain fields is the stone or gravels the makes up the drain field. Undigested solids migrate out into the drain filed and collogue late forming a thick layer of bio mat. This bio mat, clogging the drain field, will restrict the amount of effluent that leaches or drains into the ground, thus pushing the effluent up to the surface creating a wet drain field and odors.
Septic tank drain fields that are clogged as a result of bio mat may be remediated and repaired in most cases with bacteria and enzyme additives. The use of bacterial and enzyme additives in clogged drain fields opposed to the total replacement of the current septic tank system is becoming more and more common, not to mention more cost effective. Bacteria and enzyme septic tank additives have saved consumers thousands in repair cost and are becoming a more excepted option with plumbers and homeowners. Septic tank bacterial and enzyme additives have been used in waste water treatment plants for many years with great success.
Before you spend thousands of dollars on a complete clogged septic tank drain field restoration and replacement. Consider the alternatives and read up on beneficial bacteria and enzymes.
By: Bradley Skierkowski